This is exactly how the teacher of that time was, who was a representative of knowledge. his educational tools were books, chalkboard, abacus, and maps.
However, his main tool, especially for the education and compliance of the students, was the rod. The rod was the fear and terror of all students, since every devilment, real or imaginary, had to be punished. The rod was also used as a punishment for the students’ low performance.
The mentality “beating came out of Paradise” was the teachers’ alibi for using the rod, occasionally even with the tolerance and support of parents.